1. REGRAS DO FÓRUM AQUARIOFILIA.NET

    1. LER ANTES DE COLOCAR QUALQUER MENSAGEM

      Neste local encontram-se as regras que regem o funcionamento do fórum, assim como uma pequena colecção de tutoriais. É crucial que antes de se colocarem quaisquer mensagens, se leiam atentamente estes tópicos.

      8
      posts
  2. ÁGUA DOCE

    1. PRIMEIROS PASSOS

      Para iniciados no mundo da aquariofilia de água doce

      144359
      posts
    2. AQUÁRIOS

      Coloca aqui o setup do(s) teu(s) aquário(s) e os registos diários do(s) mesmo(s).

      125812
      posts
    3. DOENÇAS E PRAGAS

      Microalgas, testes, aditivos, tratamentos e quarentenas

      40460
      posts
    4. INVERTEBRADOS

      Identificação e características das espécies, graus de dificuldade, alimentação especifica, o que colocar, quando colocar, compatibilidades, etc

      49128
      posts
    5. LAGOS, CARPAS E PEIXES DE ÁGUA FRIA

      Fórum dedicado única e exclusivamente à montagem e manutenção de lagos - técnicas, equipamento e espécies adequadas de plantas, peixes e invertebrados; Identificação e manutenção de carpas e peixes de água fria.

      Carassius auratus auratus.pngcarpakoiaguafria.jpg

      14428
      posts
    6. 174128
      posts
    7. PLANTAS

      Fórum destinado a plantas, nutrientes e fertilização

      54139
      posts
  3. EQUIPAMENTOS

    1. AQUÁRIOS E FISHROOMS

      Área dedicada a todo o tipo de questões relativamente a aquários e fishrooms. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      3760
      posts
    2. CO2

      Área dedicada a todo o tipo de questões relativamente a CO2. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      1909
      posts
    3. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo)

      Tudo o que o aquariofilista faz ele próprio, desde a canalização à construção de equipamento e aquários

      12440
      posts
    4. ESTRUTURAS E MOBILIÁRIO

      Área dedicada a estruturas e todo o tipo de mobiliário para aquariofilia. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      278
      posts
    5. FILTRAGEM E CIRCULAÇÃO

      Área dedicada a filtros, bombas, sumps e todo o restante equipamento de filtragem e circulação. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      4249
      posts
    6. ILUMINAÇÃO

      Área dedicada a todo o tipo de iluminação. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      2745
      posts
    7. MATERIAL DECORATIVO

      Área dedicada a todo o tipo de questões relativamente aos diversos materiais decorativos, como fundos 3D, rochas, troncos, areão, etc. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      1127
      posts
    8. OUTROS EQUIPAMENTOS

      Área dedicada a todo o tipo de questões relativamente a equipamentos não listados em cima. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      230
      posts
    9. TEMPERATURA

      Área dedicada a todo o tipo de equipamento relacionado com aquecimento e arrefecimento do aquário. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      360
      posts
    10. TESTES E PARÂMETROS DA ÁGUA

      Área dedicada a todo o tipo de questões relativamente a testes e aos vários parâmetros da água. DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      734
      posts
    11. TÓPICOS A MOVER (área temporária)

      Tópicos a mover para os respectivos fóruns nas próximas semanas. Apenas é permitido responder aos tópicos nesta área.

      96709
      posts
    12. TPA E LIMPEZA

      Área dedicada a equipamento de limpeza, manutenção e trocas parciais de água (TPA). DIY (Faça Você Mesmo) incluído.

      692
      posts
  4. ÁGUA SALGADA

    1. PRIMEIROS PASSOS

      Para iniciados no mundo dos salgados

      11671
      posts
    2. ALGAS, ROCHA VIVA E PRAGAS

      Área especifica para falar de Algas e os seus benefícios, Pragas e o seu controlo e Rocha viva.

      1271
      posts
    3. CORAIS

      Identificação e características de Corais, graus de dificuldade, alimentação específica. O que colocar, quando colocar, compatibilidades, etc.

      Zoanthus sp. vermelho e azul.png

      1633
      posts
    4. DISCUSSÕES GERAIS (Água Salgada)

      Área para falar de outros temas fora do tema das restantes áreas, bem como de hobbys relacionados como o mergulho.

      935
      posts
    5. DOENÇAS

      Sintomas, quarentenas e tratamentos. Sempre que puderes coloca fotos, descrição do problema, “setup”, rotina de manutenção do teu aquário e data de montagem. Apresenta resultados dos testes (temp., densidade, pH , amónia, nitritos, nitratos, alcalinidade, cálcio e potencial redox) que deves sempre fazer primeiro. Opiniões objectivas sobre marcas.

      4283
      posts
    6. EQUIPAMENTOS, MANUTENÇÃO, TÉCNICAS E MONTAGENS

      Discussões e dúvidas sobre iluminação, filtração, circulação, sumps, refúgios, temperatura, reactores, monitorização electrónica e sistemas, bem como temas mais avançados e opiniões objectivas e fundamentadas sobre marcas. Manutenção, química da água, testes, aditivos, trocas de água e alimentação em geral

      18136
      posts
    7. FOTOS E VÍDEOS

      Coloca aqui o setup do teu aquário e o diário do mesmo com fotos e vídeos.

      18116
      posts
    8. INVERTEBRADOS

      Identificação e características de Invertebrados, graus de dificuldade, alimentação específica. O que colocar, quando colocar, compatibilidades, etc.

      1435
      posts
    9. NANOREEFS

      Tudo sobre aquários até 100 litros

      2234
      posts
    10. PEIXES

      Identificação e características de Peixes, graus de dificuldade e alimentação específica. O que colocar, quando colocar, compatibilidades, etc.

      Amphiprion ocellaris.pngCentropyge loricula.pngChelmon Rostratus.pngGramma loreto.png

      2008
      posts
  5. CONVIDADOS / PARCERIAS

    1. TOM BARR

      Fórum dedicado a questões ao nosso convidado TOM BARR bem como à publicação dos seus artigos.
       

      71
      posts
  6. COMUNIDADE

    1. BOAS-VINDAS AOS NOVOS MEMBROS

      Espaço destinado às boas-vindas e apresentação dos nossos novos membros. Antes de colocar mensagens no fórum, os novos membros devem apresentar-te aqui primeiro!

      7706
      posts
    2. CONVERSA AQUÁTICA

      Espaço destinado à conversa entre os visitantes do site. Neste Sub-Fórum apenas poderão ser abordados temas sobre Aquariofilia.

      22197
      posts
    3. EVENTOS E CONCURSOS

      Área destinada à divulgação de eventos relacionados com a aquariofilia.

      8821
      posts
    4. FOTOGRAFIA, VÍDEO E TRATAMENTO DE IMAGEM

      Área dedicada à discussão de técnicas de fotografia e tratamento de imagens.

      1931
      posts
    5. OFF-TOPIC E TESTES

      Local onde devem ser colocadas todas as mensagens fora do âmbito de todos os outros subfóruns. Podem ainda testar nesta área como aparecem as mensagens com imagens, vídeos ou outros testes que queiram efectuar.

      5596
      posts
    6. RESPONSABILIDADE SOCIAL

      Área destinada a projectos sociais e áreas de responsabilidade social apoiados pelo fórum. Apenas será possível responder a mensagens nesta área. Se quiserem dar início a um novo projecto social, deverão fazê-lo na conversa aquática e caso se justifique, será aberto aqui um novo tópico para esse novo projecto.

      500
      posts
    7. SUGESTÕES E NOVIDADES SOBRE O FÓRUM

      Tem sugestões e/ou críticas a fazer sobre o Fórum? Está com dificuldades com alguma funcionalidade do fórum? Então este é o local certo!

      9808
      posts
  7. CLASSIFICADOS

    1. NOVA APLICAÇÃO DE CLASSIFICADOS!   (5787 visits to this link)

      Os anúncios classificados a partir de agora têm novo formato. Vejam por favor as regras e acedam aqui.

    2. COMPRAS EM GRUPO

      Esta área é dedicada única e exclusivamente a compras em grupo entre os membros do fórum. A colocação de mensagens aqui tem regras muito próprias e que devem ser consultadas antes de postar seja o que for. A área é comum tanto para água doce como para água salgada.

      2
      posts
    3. LEILÕES

      Fórum destinado a anúncios de LEILÕES de água salgada e de água doce (peixes, plantas, corais, invertebrados, equipamentos ou outros produtos e serviços relacionados com a aquariofilia). Não se esqueça de indicar os seus dados de contacto/endereço, incluindo o País. NOVAS REGRAS EM VIGOR! FAVOR LER ANTES DE CRIAR NOVOS TÓPICOS!!!

      16
      posts
    4. FEEDBACK

      Área dedicada a colocação de FEEDBACK de membros do fórum relativo a vendas/trocas/ofertas realizadas no fórum

      3365
      posts
  8. PATROCINADORES

    1. A CASA DOS DISCUS

      Área exclusiva dedicada ao patrocinador A Casa dos Discus. Não existem restrições à colocação de mensagens nesta área.

      logo pequeno casadosdiscus.jpg

      Área online até ao dia 01 de Maio de 2018
      55
      posts
    2. ECOARIUM

      Área exclusiva dedicada ao patrocinador Ecoarium. Apenas é permitido responder a mensagens não bloqueadas..
      ecoarium.png

      Área online até ao dia 6 de Junho de 2018
      158
      posts
    3. SOLUÇÕES AQUÁTICAS

      Área exclusiva dedicada ao patrocinador Soluções Aquáticas. Não existem restrições à colocação de mensagens nesta área.

      soluções aquáticas logo lr.jpg

      Área online até ao dia 02 de Maio de 2018
      24
      posts
    4. LOJISTAS DIVERSOS

      Área reservada a outros lojistas, e de utilização gratuita. Para poder anunciar nesta área, deverá contactar a Administração do Fórum (admin@aquariofilia.net) e fazer prova da existência da sua loja e intenção de anunciar neste local.

      2
      posts
  9. FEEDBACK DE LOJAS

    1. NORTE DE PORTUGAL

      Distritos de Braga, Bragança, Viana do Castelo e Vila Real

      21
      posts
    2. 21
      posts
    3. SUL DE PORTUGAL

      Distritos de Beja, Évora, Faro e Setúbal

      65
      posts
    4. LOJAS ONLINE

      Todas as lojas online que vendem para o território português

      286
      posts

Tempo de vida do fórum


Data de criação do fórum: March 16, 2003 00:00:00
  • Fórum nas Redes Sociais

  • Próximos Eventos

    • INTERNATIONAL BIOTOPE AQUARIUM DESIGN CONTEST

          

      João Branquinho
      em Fórum

      WELCOME TO THE OFFICIAL PAGE OF THE INTERNATIONAL BIOTOPE AQUARIUM DESIGN CONTEST – BADC2017

      When taking part in this unique project, you contribute to promoting biotope aquaria and help learning harmony, from nature. When doing your fascinating research on a biotope of freshwater aquatic organisms, you show the beauty of the underwater world and at the same time draw public attention to the problems that threaten the ecology of natural waterbodies.

      Prize pool: € 3,000 + diplomas + certificates + magazine
      Accepting entries: September 1st – 30th
      Evaluating entries: October 11st – 31st
      Results: December 1st

      This year all contestants should provide a video of their biotope aquaria.

      http://biotope-aquarium.info/badc-2017/

      Detalhes do Evento
      0 respostas

      0 membros de -1 confirmou

    • 2017 International AGA Aquascaping Contest - Resultados

          

      João Branquinho
      em Fórum

      https://enter.aquatic-gardeners.org/

      footer.jpg

      Hello Fellow Aquascapers,

      We are excited to announce that the 2017 International AGA Aquascaping Contest will officially open for submission of aquascape entries on June 17th, 2017. As in the past, information including the guidelines, entry forms and other important information about the contest are all right here. Click here to begin your registration.

      For this year’s contest, there is an important change to the entry process. Contestants will no longer need to physically print out the photo release for their aquascapes! You are still free to publish your photos anywhere you desire and the AGA will only use the photos for display as part of the contest results and other contest-related promotion as in the past.

      For the contest to be a success, the contest committee is always looking for volunteers to help with the work load. The quality of the contest depends on the level of participation from dedicated volunteers from around the world, and this year will be no exception. Of particular importance is finding some people to volunteer for posting of information on websites both in the United States as well as internationally. If you are involved with an international forum or club, please consider helping out by posting announcements to the forums you frequent.

      If you would like to get involved, please email me at bailin_shaw@hotmail.com

      I look forward to seeing the aquascapes when they are revealed in November of this year! Good luck aquascapers!

      Bailin Shaw 
      Aquascaping Contest Chairperson

      Detalhes do Evento
      0 respostas
    • ISTA International Aquascaping Contest

          

      João Branquinho
      em Fórum

      http://www.iiac.com.tw/en

      Untitled.png

      ISTA is one of the most well-known Taiwanese brands in the world, and we consider ourselves as the leader in the aquascaping field. Promoting aquascaping is always one of our missions. Taiwanese hobbyists have won many awards in several world-class competitions, so we feel the need of hosting an international aquascaping contest in Taiwan. ISTA International Aquascaping Contest is the very first time Taiwan launching a worldwide contest, which opens to everyone and free of charge.

      In order to promote aquascaping in Taiwan and Worldwide, we sincerely invite participants from all over the world to attend this great contest. The goal is to encourage and inspire more people to join the world of aquascaping. Furthermore, we are very honor to have professional hobbyists from different countries to be our judges.

      With the convenience of Internet, participants can easily attend the competition simply by upload their photos on our website. Taiwanese judges will pick up top 50 works at the primary selection and the final will be conducted by all international judges.

      The entry fee is free of charge and every participant can upload up to 5 works that made in one year. The prize of IIAC is also the highest in the world; Grand Prize is USD10,000, so get ready to submit your works!

      Detalhes do Evento
      0 respostas

      0 membros de -1 confirmou

    • THE INTERNATIONAL AQUATIC PLANTS LAYOUT CONTEST

          

      João Branquinho
      em Fórum

      Detalhes do Evento
      0 respostas

      0 membros de -1 confirmou

    • International AGA Aquascaping Contest - Abertura das candidaturas

          

      João Branquinho
      em Fórum

      https://enter.aquatic-gardeners.org/

      footer.jpg

      Hello Fellow Aquascapers,

      We are excited to announce that the 2017 International AGA Aquascaping Contest will officially open for submission of aquascape entries on June 17th, 2017. As in the past, information including the guidelines, entry forms and other important information about the contest are all right here. Click here to begin your registration.

      For this year’s contest, there is an important change to the entry process. Contestants will no longer need to physically print out the photo release for their aquascapes! You are still free to publish your photos anywhere you desire and the AGA will only use the photos for display as part of the contest results and other contest-related promotion as in the past.

      For the contest to be a success, the contest committee is always looking for volunteers to help with the work load. The quality of the contest depends on the level of participation from dedicated volunteers from around the world, and this year will be no exception. Of particular importance is finding some people to volunteer for posting of information on websites both in the United States as well as internationally. If you are involved with an international forum or club, please consider helping out by posting announcements to the forums you frequent.

      If you would like to get involved, please email me at bailin_shaw@hotmail.com

      I look forward to seeing the aquascapes when they are revealed in November of this year! Good luck aquascapers!

      Bailin Shaw 
      Aquascaping Contest Chairperson

      Detalhes do Evento
      0 respostas

      0 membros de -1 confirmou

  • Atualizações de estado recentes

    • davidjfcardoso  »  carpafish

      boas sou da batalha. também tenho problemas com a iluminação, mas o meu aquário tem  700lt
      esta malta diz que é os litros vezes 50lm, eu no meu caso preciso de 35mil lumens, que abuso. tenho actualmente tenho 10mil, a verdade é que as plantas não estao a desenvolver muito.
      voce com 540lt precisa na teoria de 27mil lm, voce diz que tem uma t5? como é que isso chegava?
      · 12 respostas
    • Carlos Silva tursiops  »  João Branquinho

      Olá Paulo,
        por favor, preciso de ajuda, vou colar a última mensagem enviada " 
      Olá,
         recentemente descobri várias lojas com "San Lorenzo" à venda, apenas machos e vendidos como guppys machos. Nenhum funcionário se revelou capaz da distinção entre espécies. A minha questão é onde poderei obter casais de Poecilia salvatoris San Lorenzo?  Desde já grato pela resposta,
           Carlos Silva
      Editado Sábado às 02:20 por Carlos Silva tursiops
      · 1 resposta
    • Polypteruspt

      African countries list of where living Polypterids are found. I did not bother listing the body of water where they catch Polypterids. Way too many to list and some I don't really know and can't say 100%, as we keep on getting many different unknown species. Can be a variant of a known species, a subspecies from an existing complex or a new species. Hopefully I'll have more time to do that someday with pictures. However not at this moment due to busy life of mine and lack of financials.
      Northern Africa
      1. Egypt
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      2. Sudan
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      3. South Sudan
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      Western Africa
      1. Benin
      -Erpetoichthys calabaricus (Ropefish)
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      2. Burkina Faso
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      3. Cameroon
      -Erpetoichthys calabaricus (Ropefish)
      -Polypterus weeksii (Mottled bichir)
      -Polypterus ornatipinnis (Ornate bichir)
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterud tuegelsi (Cross river bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus polli (Marble bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      4. Gambia
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      5. Ghana
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas palmas (Shortfin bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      6. Guinea
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas palmas (Shortfin bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas buettikoferi (Goldust bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      -Polypterus ansorgii (Guinean bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      7. Guinea-Bissau
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas palmas (Shortfin bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      -Polypterus ansorgii (Guinean bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      8. Ivory Coast
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas palmas (Shortfin bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      9. Liberia
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas buettikoferi (Golddust bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas palmas (Shortfin bichir)
      10. Mali
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      -Polypterus ansorgii (Guinean bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      11. Niger
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      12. Nigeria
      -Erpetoichthys calabaricus (Ropefish)
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      -Polypterus ansorgii (Guinean bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      13. Senegal
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas buettikoferi (Golddust bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      14. Sierra Leon
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas palmas (Shortfin bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas buettikoferi (Golddust bichir)
      15. Togo
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      16. Mauritania
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      Central Africa
      1. Chad
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      2. Central African Republic
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus delhezi (Armored bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      3. Democratic Republic of the Congo
      -Polypterus weeksii (Mottled bichir)
      -Polypterus ornatipinnis (Oranate bichir)
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterus mokelembembe (Mokele-mbembe bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus meridionalis (Southern bichir)
      -Polypterus polli (Marble bichir)
      -Polypterus delhezi (Armored bichir)
      -Polypterus congicus (Giant bichir)
      4. Equitoral Guinea
      -Erpetoichthys calabaricus (Ropefish)
      5. Gabon
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      6.Republic of the Congo
      -Erpetoichthys calabaricus (Ropefish)
      -Polypterus weeksii (Mottled bichir)
      -Polypterus ornatipinnis (Ornate bichir)
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir)
      -Polypterus mokelembembe (Mokele-mbembe bichir)
      -Polypterus polli (Marble bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus meridionalis (Southern bichir)
      -Polypterus delhezi (Armored bichir)
      -Polypterus congicus (Giant bichir)
      7. Republic of Rwanda
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      Eastern Africa
      1. Burundi
      -Polypterus ornatipinnis (Ornate bichir)
      2. Ethiopia
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus meridionales (Southern bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir)
      3. Kenya
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus meridionales (Southern bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      4. Tanzania
      -Polypterus ornatipinnis (Ornate bichir)
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      -Polypterus congicus (Giant bichir)
      5. Uganda
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir)
      Southern Africa
      1. Angola
      -Erpetoichthys calabaricus (Ropefish
      -Polypterus ornatipinnis (Ornate bichir)
      2. Zambia
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Gray bichir)
      -Polypterus congicus (Giant bichir)
      ------------------------------------------
      Polypterids Breeding Season
      -Erpetoichthys Calabaricus = September to October
      -Polypterus Bichir Bichir = November to March
      -Polypterus Bichir Lapradei = November to July
      -Polypterus Congicus = October to May
      -Polypterus Endlicheri = November to March
      -Polypterus Ansorgii = No records
      -Polypterus Delhezi = November to April
      -Polypterus Polli = November to April
      -Polypterus Palmas Palmas = No records
      -Polypterus Palmas Beuttikoferi = No records
      -Polypterus Senegalus Senegalus = November to March
      -Polypterus Senegalus Meridionales = No records
      -Polypterus Mokelembembe = October to May
      -Polypterus Tuegelsi = No records
      -Polypterus Retropinnis = November to April
      -Polypterus Ornatipinnis = October to May
      -Polypterus Weeksii = October to May
      ------------------------------------------
      Ever wonder the native names of our beloved Polypterids came from their respected countries in Africa? Here are the list, not complete but just what I know for now. There are probably more that I still don't know about.
      -Polypterus ansorgii
      Sadjegé - Guinea
      Saié - Guinea-Bissau
      Kouagna - Mali
      Gondo - Mali
      Adagba - Nigeria
      Akata - Nigeria
      Gwando - Nigeria
      Kusakpa - Nigeria
      -Polypterus endlicheri
      Khotum - Benin
      Nigbo - Benin
      Oli - Benin
      Kuilwaafo - Burkina Faso
      Sajige - Burkina Faso
      Ake - Cameroon
      Bangaw - Cameroon
      Bange - Cameroon
      Garza - Cameroon
      Gondo - Cameroon
      Nakerla - Cameroon
      Robaï - Cameroon
      Wange - Cameroon
      Tsodou - Cameroon
      Gong mofol - Chad
      Gouon - Chad
      Gong agusum - Chad
      Gong mapual - Chad
      Gong mopol - Chad
      Sadjegé - Guinea
      Deka - Ghana
      Norsta - Ghana
      Sangmeki - Ghana
      Sanmeki - Ghana
      Tsamina - Ghana
      Tsimina - Ghana
      Saié - Guinea-Bissau
      Saieu - Guinea-Bissau
      Zèpô - Ivory Coast
      Nagir - Kenya
      Agada - Nigeria
      Akata - Nigeria
      Adagba - Nigeria
      Gwando - Nigeria
      Gwando dua - Nigeria
      Kufana - Nigeria
      Kusakpa - Nigeria
      Robai - Nigeria
      Abshire - Sudan
      Abushir - Sudan
      Agwer - Sudan
      Emsir - Sudan
      Dabib el hut - Sudan
      Ding - Sudan
      Gbaranga - Sudan
      Juath - Sudan
      Kuku - Sudan
      Otwel - Sudan
      -Polypterus congicus
      Elonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Ilolonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Mbuni - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Mokunga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Mokututa - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Nkungi angandu - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Weuma - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Konga - Republic of Congo
      Djokala - Republic of Congo
      Munkunga - Zambia
      -Polypterus bichir bichir
      Ake - Cameroon
      Am'korkor - Chad
      Gong dongââl - Chad
      Gong gââl - Chad
      Gong koïn - Chad
      Abushir - Egypt
      Tsimina - Ghana
      Nagir - Kenya
      Adagba - Nigeria
      Akata - Nigeria
      Gwando - Nigeria
      Kusakpa Nigeria
      Abshire - Sudan
      Agwer - Sudan
      Dabib el hut - Sudan
      Ding - Sudan
      Emsir - Sudan
      Gbaranga - Sudan
      Juath - Sudan
      Kuku - Sudan
      Otwel - Sudan
      -Polypterus bichir lapradei
      Ake - Cameroon
      Khotum - Benin
      Kuilwaafo - Burkina Faso
      Sajige - Burkina Faso
      Ake - Cameroon
      Am'korkor - Chad
      Sannka - Gambia
      Sadjegé - Guinea
      Saié - Guinea-Bissau
      Adagba - Nigeria
      Akata - Nigeria
      Gwando - Nigeria
      Kusakpa Nigeria
      Khâb - Senegal
      Abshire - Sudan
      Agwer - Sudan
      Dabib el hut - Sudan
      Ding - Sudan
      Emsir - Sudan
      Gbaranga - Sudan
      Juath - Sudan
      Kuku - Sudan
      Otwel - Sudan
      -Polypterus delhezi
      Nkonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus
      Khotum - Benin
      Kuilwaafo -Burkina Faso
      Sajige - Burkina Faso
      Ake - Cameroon
      Gong kakerte - Chad
      Gong kekerte - Chad
      Kambanioka - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Otel - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Abushir - Egypt
      Sannka - Gambia
      Sayo - Gambia
      Adeke - Ghana
      Alidekae - Ghana
      Deka - Ghana
      Sanmeki - Ghana
      Sadjegé - Guinea
      Saié - Guinea-Bissau
      Nagir - Kenya
      Nagiri - Kenya
      Adagba - Nigeria
      Agada - Nigeria
      Akata - Nigeria
      Gwando - Nigeria
      Kusakpa - Nigeria
      Khâb - Senegal
      Khabé - Senegal
      Jeyei - Sierra Leone
      Keskla - Sierra Leone
      Keskia - Sierra Leone
      Kutenkellie - Sierra Leone
      Abshire - Sudan
      Abshir - Sudan
      Agwer - Sudan
      Emsir - Sudan
      Dabib el hut - Sudan
      Ding - Sudan
      Gbaranga - Sudan
      Juath - Sudan
      Kuku - Sudan
      Otwell - Sudan
      Dégé - Togo
      Mtonta - Uganda
      Otell - Uganda
      -Polypterus senegalus meridionalis
      Kambanioka - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Otel - Democratic Republic of Congo
      -Polypterus palmas palmas
      Adeke - Ghana
      Sadjegé - Guinea
      Saié - Guinea-Bissau
      -Polypterus palmas buettikoferi
      Sadjegé - Guinea
      -Polypterus polli
      Akwa - Cameroon
      Boonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Elonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Shongonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Songonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Foonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Nkonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Igogo - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Konga - Republic of Congo
      -Polypterus retropinnis
      Khotum - Benin
      Akwa - Cameroon
      Adeke - Ghana
      Mopolu - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Mokuta - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Monga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Moonga - Democratic Republic of Congo
      Moposse - Democratic Republic of Congo
      -Polypterus mokelembembe
      ?
      -Polypterus weeksii
      Mokoi - Democratic Republic of Congo
      -Polypterus ornatipinnis
      Mimbambala - Angola
      Mumbambala - Angola
      Tshikanga - Angola
      Akwa - Cameroon
      Konga - Republic of Congo
      Mukunga - Republic of Congo
      Mukungo - Republic of Congo
      Nkunga ya moja bato - Republic of Congo
      Samaki magamba - Tanzania
      -Polypterus teugelsi
      Akwa - Cameroon
      Mobangobe - Cameroon
      -Erpetoichthys calabaricus
      Mujanjé - Cameroon
      Munjonjô - Cemeroon
      Muyonjô - Cameroon
      Adagba - Nigeria
      Agbaroko - Nigeria
      Bano - Nigeria
      Korotuwugboro - Nigeria
      Lakisa - Nigeria
      Ogboro - Nigeria
      Woyi - Nigeria
      ---------------------------------------
      For the new Polypterid keepers that need to update on the names of known Polypterids of today. Many forums, websites, books and google search, will show you the old literature. Many experience bichir keeper are also not aware that in 2010, there were some changes. So here are the list of currently known Polypterids.
      Superclass: Osteichthyes
      Class: Actinopterygii
      Subclass: Chondrostei
      Cladistia
      Order: Polypteriformes
      Family: Polypteridae
      Genera: Erpetoichthys
      Polypterus
      Genus: Erpetoichthys
      -Erpetoichthys calabaricus (Ropefish/Reedfish)
      Genus: Polypterus
      Bichir group:
      -Polypterus bichir bichir (Nile bichir)
      --Polypterus bichir lapradei (Niger river bichir/ Laprade's bichir)
      -Polypterus congicus (Giant bichir/Congo bichir)
      Endlicheri group:
      -Polypterus endlicheri (Saddled bichir/ Tiger bichir)
      -Polypterus ansorgii (Guinean bichir)
      Senegalus group:
      -Polypterus senegalus senegalus (Grey bichir/ Senegal bichir/ Cuvier bichir)
      --Polypterus senegalus meridionalis (Southern bichir/ Meridionalis bichir)
      -Polypterus palmas palmas (Shortfin bichir/ Palmas bichir)
      --Polypterus palmas beuttikoferi (Golddust bichir/ Beuttikofer's bichir)
      -Polypterus polli (Marble bichir/ Poll's bichir)
      -Polypterus delhezi (Armored bichir/ Barred bichir)
      Weeksii group
      -Polypterus weeksii (Mottled bichir/ Fathead bichir/ Weeks's bichir)
      -Polypterus ornatippinis (Ornate bichir)
      -Polypterus retropinnis (Retro bichir/Zaire green bichir)
      -Polypterus teugelsi (Cross river bichir/ Tuegels' bichir/ Cameroon bichir)
      -Polypterus mokelebhembe (West african bichir/ Mokele-bhembe bichir)
      Others from genus Polypterus that have no valid scientific names yet and possible a new unknown species, subspecies or just a variant of a known species.
      -Polypterus sp. "Dabola" (Dabola bichir)
      People used debate if they are wild natural occurring hybrid or not. Study are now on going, as they are separate species that connects the Bichir group and Endlicheri group. This polypterus would be group together with the Bichir group though. Due to its similar holotype and with DNA that is closer to Polypterus bichir lapradei.
      -Polypterus sp. "Faranah"
      Do not confuse this with Polypterus bichir lapradei "Faranah". Yet another unknown species from the Bichir group. Used to be called as Polypterus sp. "Dabola" before as it was one of a contaminant. Another possible transitional species that connects the Endlicheri group from Bichir group. Possible even more earlier form compare to Polypterus sp. "Dabola".
      -Polypterus sp. "Guinea"
      Was also a contaminant from Polypterus sp. "Dabola", yet this one has the holotype from the Endlicheri group.
      -Polypterus sp. "Tinkisso"
      Another unknown Polypterid that has the holotype from the endlicheri group.
      -Polypterus sp. "Koloton"/Polypterus sp. "Koliba".
      Both of these Polypterids are just probably the same Polypterid variants, only caught in different locations. Possible a subspecies from a Polypterus bichir complex. Would be better if this two species are called Polypterus sp. cf. "lapradei". Both are part of the Guinea lapradei variant or better yet, Western type lapradei.
      -Polypterus sp. aff. "Lapradei"
      This bichir is posible a crossbreed of Polypterus bichir bichir and Polypterus bichir lapradei. Or just a Polypterus bichir lapradei variant.
      -Polypterus sp. "Onigo"
      This particular polypterid is the first ever recorded of a Polypterus bichir lapradei on the east side of Africa. This is just a Polypterus bichir lapradei.
      -Polypterus sp. cf. "Palmas"
      An unknown Polypterid that resembles from a Palmas complex but with only 6-7 dorsal spines and are set way back. Similar to Polypterus polli, Polypterus retropinnis and polypterus teugelsi. It also have similar color to Polypterus teugelsi but body of palmas complex and with banding similar to Polypterus palmas.
      -Polypterus sp. "Golddust"
      Just a patternless variant of Polypterus palmas beuttikoferi.
      -Polypterus sp. "Liberia"
      Just a variant of Polypterus Palmas Palmas. However the stripes are set vertically compare to Polypterus palmas palmas that the stripes are set on an angle.
      -Polypterus sp. aff. "Endlicheri" (Golden bichir)
      A possible subspecies of Polypterus endlicheri yet to be describe.
      -Polypterus sp. aff. "Congicus" (Gesilas bichir)
      Possible a subspecies of Polypterus congicus yet to be described. Also have some thought, that this could be the one they called Polypterus bichir katangae.
      -Polypterus sp. "Cotto"
      No further info on this one. Possible a new species
      -Polypterus sp. "Nigeria"
      Almost similar to Polypterus sp. "Dabola", but found in Nigeria. With different headshape and pattern.
      -Polypterus sp. "Lagone"
      Just an old name of Polypterus bichir bichir found in Lagone River, Cameroon. When Polypterus bichir bichir was not introduced yet to the hobby.
      There are probably more "spp" or unknown species out there. Just place them in the comment if I don't know or not aware of.
      ------------------------------------------
      Living and extinct Polypterids (Polypteriformes)
      Family: †Uncertain? (Incomplete polypterid fossils)
      genus: † Dagetella (***et and Meunier 1992)
      -† Dagetella sudamericana - Lower Creta locality: South America: Bolivia; Brazil; Afrika: Niger
      genus: † Latinopollia (Meunier & ***et, 1998)
      -† Latinopollia suarezi - Creta locality: Pjacha Pata Bolivia
      genus: † Serenoichthys (Dutheil, 1999)
      -† Serenoichthys kemkemensis - Lower Creta locality: Africa; Antarctica; Argentina; Australia: New South Wales, AU
      genus: † Bartschichthys - Lower Creta locality: South America: Bolivia; Brazil; Afrika: Niger
      -† Bartschichthys arnoulti
      -† Bartschichthys napatensis
      -† Bartschichthys tubularis
      genus: † Sudania - Lower Creta locality: Wadi Milk In Becetem Formation, Sudan, Niger
      -†Sudania gracilis
      -†Sudania oblonga
      genus: † Saharaichthys - Lower Creta locality: Africa
      -†Saharaichthys nigeriensis
      -†Saharaichthys africanus
      genus: † Sainthilaria - Palaeogen locality: Tanzania, Africa
      -†Sainthilaria falciformis
      -†Sainthilaria intermedia
      -†Sainthilaria beccussiformis
      -†Sainthilaria elongata
      -†Sainthilaria grandis
      genus: † Inbecetemia - Lower Creta locality: Wadi Milk Fm.; In Becetem Formation; Sudan; Niger
      -†Inbecetemia torta
      -†Inbecetemia tortissima
      genus: † Nagaia - Lower Creta locality: Wadi Milk Fm.; In Becetem Formation; Sudan; Niger
      -†Nagaia extrema
      >Family: Polypteridae
      genus: † Serenichthys
      -†Serenichthys kernkemensis
      ~dwarf polypterus
      genus: Erpetoichthys (Smith, 1865)
      -Erpetoichthys calabaricus ~ropefish/reedfish (Smith, 1865)
      genus: † Bawitius
      -†Bawitius bartheli (exPolypterus bartheli)
      ~giant polypterus (Schaal 1984) Creta locality: Bahariya Formation, in the Bahariya Oasis of western Egypt
      genus: Polypterus (Lacépède, 1803)
      -†Polypterus dageti
      ~daget's bichir (Gayet and Meunier, 1996) Lower Creta locality: Becetem Formation, Niger
      -†Polypterus sudanensis
      ~sudan bichir (Werner and Gayet, 1998- Lower Creta locality: Becetem Formation, Niger
      -†Polypterus faraou
      ~farou bichir (Otero & Vignaud & Brunet, 2006) Miocene locality: western Djourab, Chad
      -Polypterus ansorgii
      ~guinean bichir (Boulenger, 1910)
      -Polypterus endlicheri
      ~saddled bichir/tiger bichir (Heckel, 1847)
      -Polypterus congicus)
      ~giant bichir/congo bichir (Boulenger, 1898)
      -Polypterus bichir (Lacépède, 1803)
      ---(Polypterus bichir bichir)
      ~nile bichir (Lacépède, 1803)
      ---(Polypterus bichir lapradei)
      ~niger river bichir/laprade's bichir (Steindachner, 1869)
      -Polypterus delhezi
      ~armored bichir/barred bichir (Boulenger, 1899)
      -Polypterus senegalus (Cuvier, 1829)
      ---(Polypterus senegalus senegalus
      ~gray bichir/senegal bichir/curvier bichir/nigerian bichir (Cuvier, 1829)
      -(Polypterus senegalus meridionalis)
      ~meridionalis bichir/southern bichir? (Poll, 1941)
      -Polypterus palmas (Ayres 1850)
      ---(Polypterus palmas palmas)
      ~shortfin bichir/palmas bichir (Ayres, 1850)
      ---(Polypterus palmas buettikoferi)
      ~golddust bichir/buettikofer's bichir (Steindachner, 1891)
      -Polypterus polli
      ~marble bichir/poll's bichir (Gosse, 1988)
      -Polypterus retropinnis
      ~retro bichir/zaire green bichir (Vaillant, 1899)
      -Polypterus mokelembembe
      ~west african bichir/mokele-mbembe bichir (Schliewen & Schäfer, 2006)
      -Polypterus weeksii
      ~fathead bichir/mottled bichir (Boulenger, 1898)
      -Polypterus ornatipinnis
      ~ornate bichir (Boulenger, 1902)
      -Polypterus teugelsi
      ~cross river bichir/cameroon bichir tuegels' bichir (Britz, 2004)
      ------------------------------------------
      Ever wonder how they gave scientific names to Polypterids or where they got their names from? Here you go, did a little bit of research. Just correct me if I'm wrong. I placed the two genus of the Ropefish as of right now both are being use.
      -Erpetoichthys = Herpet(reptile)+ichthys(fish): Meaning, "reptile fish." Refers to the reptilian look or snake like appearance.
      -Calamoichthys = Calamus (quill or spadix of reed) Refers to the ganoid scales that resemble the flowering spadix of reeds. Hence the name reedfish.
      -Calabaricus = Calabar (named after Calabar River in Nigeria)+icus (usually added to the name of the place where it came from.
      -Polypterus = Poly(many)+pteron(wing): Meaning, "many wings." Refers to the multiple hard dorsal spines and finlets of the bichir.
      -Bichir = The word bichir came from the word "Abu Shir." An Arabic dialect refers to any fish in the Nile River, Egypt that resembles a spiny armoured fish. Was later mispronounced by French naturalist. They thought the "A" was referred to a single fish. Which is use to refers by English to describe a single object. So they only thought about "Bu Shir". Thus we end up with the word "Bichir" or else we probably have the word "Abichir".
      -Lapradei = Named after Émile Pinet-Laprade. Former governor of Senegal from 1822-1869. To honor his death the year this fish was describe.
      -Congicus = Congo (named after Congo river basin)+icus (usually added to the name of where it came from)
      -Endlicheri = Named after a botanist, Stephan Ladislaus Endlicher. Who discovered this fish in the fish collection of Natural History Museum in Vienna.
      -Ansorgii = Named after William John Ansorge. A physician and zoologist who collected in Africa.
      -Delhezi = Named after Paul Delhez. His collection and field observation helped prepared Boulenger's book of Congo fishes.
      -Polli = Named after Max Fernand Leon Poll. A Belgian ichthyologist. He proposed the name, but did not describe the fish. The name was supposed to be Polypterus palmas congicus but the name congicus was already occupied by Polypterus endlicheri congicus at that time.
      -Palmas = Named after Cape Palmas. A locality in Liberia.
      -Beuttikoferi = Name after Dr. Johann Büttikofer. A Swiss zoologist, best known as a "Father of Liberian Natural History."
      -Senegalus = Named after Senegal river basin.
      -Meridionalis = Meridies (south)+aris. Meridional. Meaning, native to southern area or a creature of the southern area.
      -Mokelembembe = Named after a cryptic creature called "Mokele-mbembe" in the Congo basin that was thought to be a sauropod. A type of long neck dinosaur. We normally refers to dinosaurs as old, so it was given that name. Mokele-mbembe was thought to be existing today in our modern times. The name was given to this fish as Polypterus mokelembebe, considered as the sister group to all Actinopterygii (ray-finned fish). Or the grand father of ray-finned fish.
      -Tuegelsi = Named after Guy Tuegels. Curator of fishes at the Royal Museum of Central Africa, for his “myriad influential contributions to the systematics of African freshwater fishes”
      -Retropinnis = Retro(back)+pinnis or pinna(fins). Referring to the dorsal fins of the fish that are set way back of the body.
      -Ornatipinnis = Ornatus or Ornate (decorated with complex pattern)+pinnis or pinna(fins). Referring to the well decorated patterns of this fish on all fins.
      -Weeksii = Named after Rev. J. H. Weeks. He collected this fish on his mission station at Monsembe upper Congo River, Zaire.
      ------------------------------------------
      Ok time to learn the proper way of writing latin/scientific names of Polypterids or any fish in particular. Also the proper way of adding the location it was caught from. As many seems are still confuse and been asking repeated questions on what's the differences of this certain fish to this certain fish. Even though they are just the same fish.
      A good example of many people's mistakes that will confuse many are when they wrote down:
      -Dabola lap
      -Dabola endli
      -Sp. dabola.
      To many this is just similar species. However, they are actually not. So it's best to write them down properly to prevent confusion.
      Dabola lap should be Polypterus bichir lapradei "Dabola" or lap "dabola" for short. Which is a lapradei caught in Dabola. It is not an endlicheri nor sp. dabola. It's a lapradei caught somewhere in dabola. Same thing with Dabola endli, it's should be Polypterus endlicheri "Dabola" or endli "dabola for short. It's an actual endlicheri caught somewhere in Dabola area. Now for the sp. dabola. It's should be Polypterus sp. "dabola" just sp. "dabola". It's not an endlicheri, it's not a lapradei. But an unknown species caught somewhere in Dabola. That's why it was labeled "sp." or "species". Always place the location where it was caught from at the end of the latin name. Regardless you place the full latin name or without the genus name. As long as you place the location it was caught in "quotation marks".
      Another example would be koliba lap. Many people been asking me, "What's are the difference between Koliba lap and sp. koliba?". They are just the same fish. If people or seller just write down the proper latin names this will stop many of the confusion. So it's best to write it down as Polypterus sp. "koliba" or if you want it short. Sp. "koliba". Or best yet, Polypterus bichir lapradei "Koliba" or Polypterus sp. cf. "Lapradei". Not just Koliba lap. Always place the location caught at the end. Yes sp. "koliba" is a western type lapradei but it's still place as unknown species.
      So normally we label them in Genus name first. Then the latin name that was given to that certain species. Fallowed by the location it was caught from in quotation marks.
      Genus: Polypterus
      Species: Endlicheri
      Location: "Tinkisso"
      Polypterus Endlicheri "Tinkisso" Or endli "tinkisso".
      If the species is unknown we normally place "sp.", "spec." which means "species". Then place the location it was caught from or the characteristic of the fish.
      -Polypterus sp. "Dabola"
      -Polypterus sp. "Golddust"
      -Polypterus sp. "Zaire Green"
      Example would be Polypterus sp. "Dabola". An unknown Polypterus found in Dabola area. Another example would be. Polypterus sp. "goldust". Meaning, it's an unknown Polypterus that have some Gold dust characteristic or gold in general. However, we all know this was just a variant of Polypterus palmas beuttikoferi which now became the common name for this fish. Also another great example would be Polypterus sp. "Zaire green". They both place the location and the characteristic of the species. Meaning, an unknown Green looking polypterus in Zaire. Polypterus sp. "Zaire green" is actually now, Polypterus retropinnis.
      So if the unknown species looks similar to an existing species. We usually place "cf." means confer or compare. Another one is "aff.", "affin." means affinis or affinity. Using this two actually confuses some people on how cf. and aff. works.
      -Polypterus sp. cf. "Lapradei"
      -Polypterus sp. cf. "Bichir"
      -Polypterus sp. cf. "Retropinnis" 'Pool Malebo.
      -Polypterus sp. aff. "Congicus"
      How "cf" works, would be comparing an unknown species to an existing species. This usually being use in the same group of Polypterus. So example would be Polypterus sp. cf. "lapradei". Means, an unknown Bichir complex that have similarities to a Polypterus bichir lapradei. This would be a good example of Polypterus sp. "Koliba", Polypterus sp. "Faranah" or any of the Western type Lapradei unknown variants in particular. Now with Polypterus sp. cf. "Bichir" would probably be a bit confusing. However, this normally applies to an unknown variants of Eastern type Lapradei. Since both Polypterus bichir bichir have similar marking to that many of the Eastern type lapradei. So this would refer to Polypterus sp. "Onigo" and Polypterus sp. "Yobe". Both are just Polypterus bichir Lapradei. Now with Polypterus sp. cf. "Retropinnis"'Pool Malebo". The location point is also added. So it means it's an unknown Polypterus that have similar look to a Polypterus retropinnis or a variant that is found in Pool Malebo. Another example would be Polypterus sp. cf. "Lapradei"'Koliba", which we already stated previously. Meaning it's an unknown bichir complex that looks similar to a Polypterus bichir Lapradai found in Koliba area.
      Now we go to on how "aff." works. "Aff." can be a bit tricky to use properly on unknown species. It's usually use to an unknown species that have similar characteristic to a known species but is thought to be a separate species. Example would be Polypterus sp. aff. "Congicus". This particular species was thought to be just a Polypterus Congicus in Lake Tanganyika in Zambia. However upon closer looks with more detail, it's thought to be a separate species but the markings are very closely the same. Or these two species are more related to each other. That's why it was labels as sp. aff. "Congicus" as it's the closest known species that can be compare to Polypterus Congicus.
      Now hope for the new Polypterid Fanatics and those that are still learning would clear some confusion. For those that already know, please feel free to add or correct my mistakes.
      Happy Polypterids Keeping, Polypterus Fanatics!
      Work and research conducted by Master Earl Pigar.
      PolypterusPT
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    • Lukka  »  João Branquinho

      Obrigado 
      Cumprimentos LUKA
      · 0 respostas
    • Marcos Vieira  »  Luiz Medeiros

      Boa tarde Luis
      Estou uma projecto de Leds e vi  o teu , podes me dar uma ajuda por favor o meu aquario é de 120lts.
      Estou a pensar em comprar os leds aqui :
      https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/1W-3W-10W-LED-Component-Grow-Light-Aquarium-red-green-royal-blue-violet-UV-/131345637382
      Mas estou um bocado perdido com isto dos leds. Vi que não usastes leds Verdes não são necessários?
      Quantos aos drivers  puseste um para 3w e outro para 10w tem de ser mesmo assim , não pode levar os 2 tipos de led no mesmo driver?
      Já não dá para ver as fotos usaste lentes nos leds ?
      Desculpa tanta pergunta
      Obrigado
       
       
       
      · 0 respostas
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    • Boas a todos

      Já há algumas semanas que não vinha aqui actualizar mas infelizmente o Micro Reef Tank está a passar por momentos menos bons

      Recuei ao meu post de há um ano atrás pois bem tentei saber o que fazer a uma alga que estava a cobrir as rochas, mas não consegui resolver o problema nessa altura e agora julgo que poderá condenar o aquário.

      Julgo tratarem-se de “Gelidium pusillum”, alguém sabe o que fazer quando surge?


      Agora acho que essa mesma alga, Roxa, dura, bem agarrada á Rocha que só sai raspando com algo duro e cortante como uma faca, está a tomar conta do aquário e ainda pior a “matar” os meus corais.

      Primeiro, na rocha dos zoanthus que começou a ficar coberta pela alga, a alga começou a surgir por entre os zoanthus e agora, mesmo por cima fazendo com que os zonathus já não abram






      E nas duas últimas semanas, está a suceder o mesmo aos GSP como se pode ver no lado direito da Rocha dos GSP




      Estou a reduzir o período de luz, a ver se a alga regride mas para já ainda não vi a surtir efeito

      Hoje na Rocha mais afetada, tentei retirar o zoanthos para o transferir pra outra Rocha viva “nova” sem a alga, mas o próprio zoanthus já tem a alga colada, pelo que se os colocasse na rocha, de certeza que passado pouco tempo a nova Rocha iria ficar infestada com a alga

      Com isto tudo e a alga a chegar também as rochas das Xénias, elas também não estão nada bem

      A euphilia, na parte dura, também já vejo alguns sinais da alga roxa, querendo dizer que ela já lá chegou

      Alguém já passou por esta experiência ? Há algum tratamento que possa fazer com algum químico/medicamento ?


      Obrigado pela atenção que alguém possa dar
    • Boas Sim,tens que ter uns recipientes com água a descansar uns dias antes,para o coloro sair,pode ser uns garrafões,esses das águas.enches de água da torneira,e deixas descansar ate há próxima tpa. Cump: Álvaro Silva
    • Obrigado! Realizei uma tpa 5 dias antes de colocar os peixes E a água das TPA's, aconselham algum cuidado especial?
    • Vera, Eu não metia rotundifolia nesse layout usava antes a HM, folha mais pequena e ajuda na escala. Quanto à bonsai podes ter alguns apontamentos nas extremidades mas mais para o centro usaria a staurogyne por ser mais rasteira. Reiniki mini muito perto do vidro, olha os reflexos, se quiseres muito usa-la mete mais para o centro ou então de forma a que fique por trás de uma rocha. o resto das sugestões já disse mais atrás. Tripartita (muito invasiva) e Pinatifida também acho que não encaixam aí. É só a minha modesta opinião, claro que o teu gosto pessoal tem de prevalecer ;)   
    • A cladophora não se propaga por esporos portanto não é um problema, ao contrario de outras algas bem chatas. Sugeri esta espécie pela versatilidade e pelo aspecto que ela dá quando bem aplicada. Claro que há aquários e aquários, nem tudo se enquadra dentro das mesmas linhas ;) 
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